Having considered some of these questions, you may have come up with the
following types of responses:
- What causes illness? According to the biomedical
model of health, illness is caused by external factors that invade the body,
or by some internal change that are involuntary.
- Who is responsible for illness? Individuals are not to
blame for their conditions since the causes are mainly outside their
control- they are the victims of the internal changes, or external factors.
- How should illness be treated? The biomedical model
regards treatment in terms of changing the body by some form of medical
- Who is responsible for treatment? The responsibility rests
squarely with the medical profession.
- What is the relationship between health and illness?
Within the biomedical model, you are either healthy or ill. There is a clear
distinction between the two.
- What is the relationship between mind and body? They act
separately- as in "Cartesian dualism".
- What is the role of psychology in health and illness? In
traditional biomedicine there is very little role for psychology. Although,
illness may cause some mood changes- there is no relationship between
psychological factors and the onset of ill- health.
Now examine the biomedical model once
again, and the answers you may have. What sort of criticisms can you offer
of the model? Complete the form below and e-mail to your tutor by clicking
on the button.