Aggleton, P. (1990) Health. London: Routledge.
Ahmad, W. (1995) Review article: 'Race' and health. Sociology of Health and Illness, 17, 418-429.
Ahmad W.I.U. (1994) ‘Race’ and Health in Contemporary Britain. Buckingham. Open University Press.
Albrecht, GL, Fitzpatrick R & Scrimshaw SC (2000). The handbook of social studies in health & medicine. London: Sage Publishers
Ali R (2007). Racism: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Annadale, E. and Hunt, K. (1990) Masculinity, femininity and sex: an exploration of their relative contribution to explaining gender differences in health. Sociology of Health and Illness, 12, 24-47.
Anson, O. (1993) Gender differences in health perceptions and their predictors, Social Science and Medicine, 36, 19-27.
Armstrong, D. (2003) Outline of Sociology as Applied to Medicine, 5th Edition. London: Arnold.
Balarajan, R. et al (1991) Ethnic differences in mortality from IHD and CVD in England and Wales. British Medical Journal, 302, 560-564.
Balarajan R. & Raleigh V.S. (1995) Ethnicity and Health in England. NHS Ethnic Health Unit. London HMSO.
Bem, S., L. (1974) The measurement of psychological androgyny. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 42, 152-162.
Benzeval, M., Judge K., and Whitehead, M. (Eds) (1996) Tackling Inequalities in Health: An Agenda for Action. London: Kings Fund.
Bergeman C (1997) Ageing: Genetic and environmental influences. London: Sage
Berkman, L.F., Glass, T., Brissette, I. and Seeman, T.E. (2000) From social integration to health: Durkheim in the new milenium. Social Support and Medicine, 51, 843-857.
Bhopal RS (2007) Ethnicity, race and health in multicultural societies: Foundations for better epidemiology, public health and health care.Oxford: Oxford University Press
Bhugra D (2002) Ethnic factors and service utilization. Current Opinions in Psychiatry, 15, 201-204.
Bhui K, Bhugra D, Goldberg D, Dunn G & Desai M. Cultural influences in the prevalence of common mental disorder, general practitioners' assessments and help-seeking among Punjabi and English people visiting their general practitioner. Psychological Medicine, 31, 815-825.
Black Report, The (1982/1988) in P. Townsend and N. Davidson (eds) Inequalities in Health. London: Penguin.
Blaikie A (1999). Ageing and popular culture. Cambridge; Cambridge University Press
Blane, D. Davey-Smith, G. and Bartley, M. (1993) Social selection: What does it contribute to social class differences? Sociology of Health and Illness, 15, 1-15.
Blaxter M (1976) Social class and health inequalities. In: Equalities and inequalities in health (eds) Carter C & Peel J. London: Academic Press
Blaxter, M. (1983) The cause of disease: women talking. Social Science and Medicine, 17, 59-69.
Bond M (2006) Pain its nature and treatment. Churchill-livingstone
Bowling, A. (1995) Measuring disease. Buckingham: Open University Press.
Bowling, A. (2007) Research methods in health. Investigating health and health services. Buckingham: Open University Press.
Bradby H. (2003) Describing Ethnicity in Health Research. Ethnicity and Health. 8(1), 5-13
Bywaters, P. and McLeod, E. (eds)(1996) Working for Equality in Health. London: Routledge.
Calnan, M. (1987) Health and illness: The lay perspective. London: Tavistock.
Carey, M.P., Kalra, D.L., Carey, K.B., Halperin, S. and Richards, C.S. (1993) Stress and unaided smoking cessation: A prospective investigation. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 61, 831-838.
Carroll, D. Bennett, P. and Davey-Smith, G. (1993) Socio-economic health inequalities: Their origins and implications. Psychology and Health, 8, 295-316.
Carroll, D. Davey-Smith, G. and Bennett, P. (1994) Health and socio-economic status. The Psychologist, 7,122-125.
Carroll, D. et al (1993) Socio-economic health inequalities: Their origins and implications. Psychology and Health, 8, 295-316.
Carroll, D., Davey-Smith, G. and Bennett, P. (1996). Some observations on health and socio-economic status. Journal of Health Psychology, 1, 23-40.
Charles, N. and Walters, V. (1994) Women's health: Women's voices. Health and Social Care, 2, 329-338.
Cohen, S. , Tyrell, DAJ, Russell, M.A.H., Jarvis, M.J., and Smith, A.P. (1993) Smoking, alcohol consumption and susceptibility to the common cold. American Journal of Public Health, 83, 1277-1283.
Cohen, S. , Tyrell, DAJ, and Smith, A.P. (1991) Psychological stress and susceptibility to the common cold. New England Journal of Medicine, 325, 600-612.
Connor, M., Fitter, M., and Fletcher, W. (1999) Stress and snacking: A diary study of daily hassles and between meal snacking. Psychology and Health, 14, 51-63.
Corley G (1999) Older people and their needs: A multidisciplinary perspective. Whurr Publishers
Crossley, M L. (2000) Rethinking Health Psychology. Buckingham: Open University Press.
Crossley, ML (2001) Do we need to rethink health psychology? Psychology, Health and Medicine,
Danesh, J. Gault, S. Semmence, J. Appleby, P. and Peto, R. (1999). Postcodes as useful markers of social class: Population based study in 26,000 British households. British Medical Journal, 318, 843-845.
Dancey, C.P., Taghavi, M., and Fox, R.J. (1998) The relationship between daily stress and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 44, 537-545
Darcuna J. (2004) Introduction to psychoneuroimmunology. Elsevier Academic Press
Davey-Smith, G., Carroll, D. and Bennett, P. (1994) Health and socio-economic status. The Psychologist, 7, 122-125.
Davy B, Searle C, Gray A (2007) Health and disease: A reader (3rd edition). London: Open University Press.
Department of Health (2007). Health is global; Proposals for a UK government-wide strategy. London: DH Publications.
Disch R, Dobrof R & Moody H (1999) Dignity and old age. Haworth Press.
Donovan J (1984) Ethnicity and race: A research review. Social Science and Medicine 19, 7 , 663-670
Doyal L (1979) The political Economy of Health. London: Pluto Press
Doyal L (1995) What makes women sick: Gender and the political
economy of health. London. Palgrave-MacMillan.
Elmer, P.J., Grimm, R., Laing, B. et al (1995) Lifestyle intervention: results of the treatment of mild hypertension study (TOMHS). Preventive Medicine, 24, 378-388.
Engel, G. L. (1980) The clinical application of the biopsychosocial model. American Journal of Psychiatry, 137, 535-544.
Evans, D.L., Lesserman, J., Perkins, D.O. (1997) Severe life stress as a predictor of early disease progression in HIV infection. American Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 630-634.
Fisher, S (1986) Stress and Strategy. London: Laurence Erlbaum.
Furhham, A. and Kirkcaldy, B. (1997) Age and sex differences in health beliefs and behaviours. Psychological Reports, 80, 63-66.
Gabe, Bury M & Elstron (2004) Key concepts in medical sociology. London: Sage Publishers
Giddens, A. (2006) Sociology – 5th Edition. Oxford: Polity Press.
Goffmann, E. (1990) Stigma: Notes on the management of a spoiled identity. London: Penguin.
Graham, H. (1984) Women, Health and the Family London: Harvester Wheatsheaf.
Greeno, C.G and Wing, R.R. (1994) Stress-induced eating. Psychological Bulletin, 115, 444-464
Grimmell, D. and Stern, G.S. (1992) The relationship between gender role ideals and psychological well-being. Sex Roles, 27, 487-495.
Grossarth-Maticek, R. and Eysenck, H. J. (1990) Personality, stress and disease: Description and validation of a new inventory Psychological Reports, 66, 355-373
Grossarth-Maticek R, and Eysenck H. (1990) Prophylactic effects of psychoanalysis on cancer-prone and coronary heart disease-prone probands, as compared with control groups and behaviour therapy groups. Journal Behaviour Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 21, 91-99.
Hart J (2006) The political economy of health care: A clinical perspective. Polity Press
Hinks S (2007) The meaning of time in oldest-old age. holistic Nursing Practice, 21, 35-41.
Hobfoll, S.E. (1991) Gender differences in stress reactions: Women filling the gaps. Psychology and Health, 5, 95-109.
Holmes, T. H. & Rahe, R.H. (1967) The social readjustment rating scale, Journal of Psychometric research 11, 213-218
Horn, S. and Munafo, M. (1997) Pain: Theory, Research and Intervention. Buckingham. Open University Press.
Illich, I. (2001) Medical nemesis: The expropriation of health. London: Marion Boyars.
Jenkins J & Schumacher JG (1999) Family burden of schizophrenia and depressive illness: Specifying the effects of ethnicity, gender and social ecology. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 31-38
Jerrad-Dunne P., Evans A., McGovern R., Hajat C., Kalra L., Rudd A., Wolfe C. & Markus H. (2003) Ethnic Differences in Markers of Thrombophilia: Implications for the Investigation of Ischemic Stroke in Multiethnic Populations: The South London Ethnicity and Stroke Study. Stroke. 34(8), 1821-1826.
Johns LC, Nazroo JY, Beddington P, Kuipers E (2002) Occurrence of
hallucinatory experiences in a community sample and ethnic variations.
The British Journal of Psychiatry, 180, 174-178
Kane, P. (1991) Women's health: From womb to tomb. Basingstoke: MacMillan.
Karasek, R.and Theorell, T. (1990) Healthy Work: Stress, Productivity, and the Reconstruction of Working Life. New York: Basic Books.
Karter A.J. (2003) Race and Ethnicity: Vital constructs for diabetes research. Diabetes. 26(7), 2189-2193.
Kelman S (1975) The social nature of the definition problem of health. International Journal of Health Services, 5, 625-42
Keeling S (2006) Ageing societies: Myths, challenges and opportunities. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 25, 223
Kirmayer L.J. & Young A. (1998) Culture and Somatization: Clinical, Epidemiological and Ethnographic Perspectives. Psychosomatic Medicine. 60(4), 420-430.
Kune, S. (1993) Stressful life events and cancer. Epidemiology, 4, 395-397.
Lautenschlager N & Forstl H (2007) Personality change in old age. Current Opinions in Psychiatry, 20 , 62-66.
Lazarus, R.S. (2006) Stress and Emotion: A new synthesis. New York: Springer.
Lazarus, R.S. and Folkman, S. (1987) Transactional theory and research on emotions and coping. European Journal of Personality, 1, 141-170.
Lichstein, K.L. (1988) Clinical Relaxation Strategies. New York: Wiley.
Lindesay J, Baillon S, Brugha T, Dennis M, Stewart R, Araya R & Meltzer H (2006) Worry across the lifespan: An analysis of 16-74 year old participants in the British National Survey of Psychiatric Morbidity 2000. Psychological Medicine, 36, 1625-1633.
Lips H (2006) A New Psychology of Women: Gender, Culture & Ethnicity. 3rd Edition. Mayfield
Llewelyn SP (2003) Handbook of Clinical Health Psychology. London: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Macdonald A & Cooper B (2007) Long-term care and dementia services: An impending crisis. Age & Ageing, 36, 16-22.
MacIntyre S (1986) Patterning of health by social position in contemporary Britain: directions for sociological research. Social Science & Medicine, 23, 393-415.
MacIntyre, S. (1993) Gender differences in the perceptions of common cold symptoms. Social Science and Medicine, 36, 15-20.
Main C, Sullivan M, Watson P (2007) Pain management: Practical applications of the biopsychosocial perspective in clinical and occupational settings, 2nd Edition. Churchill-Livingstone.
Marks, D. F., Murray, M., Evans, B., Willig, C., Woodall, C. & Sykes, C. (2005). Health Psychology: Theory, research and practice, 2nd edition. London: Sage.
Marks, D. F. (2002). Freedom, responsibility and power: Contrasting approaches to Health Psychology. Journal of Health Psychology, 7, 1, 5-21.
Marmot, M.G. et al (1984) Health Inequalities among British Civil Servants: the Whitehall II Study. Lancet, 337, 1387-1393.
Mason, J.W. (1975) A historical view of the stress field. Journal of Human Stress, 1, 22-36.
Mason S., Hussain-Gambles M., Leese B., Atkin K. & Brown J. (2003) Representation of South Asian people in randomised clinical trials: analysis of trials’ data. British Medical Journal, 326, 1244-1245.
McClelland, D.C. (1985) Human motivation. Glenview, IL: Scott Foresman.
McCracken CFM, Boneham MA, Copeland JRM, Williams KE, Wilson K, Scott A, McKibbin P & Cleave N (1997) Prevalence of dementia and depression among elderly people in Black and ethnic minorities. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 171, 269-273.
McKenzie K, Van Os J, Fahy T, Jones P, Harvey I, Toone B & Murray R (1995) Psychosis with good prognosis in Afro-Carribbean people now living in the United Kingdom The British Medical Journal, 311, 1325-1328.
McKeown, T. (1979) The Role of Medicine. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Melzack, R. & Wall, P.D. (1965) Pain mechanisms: a new theory. Science, 150, 971-9.
Melzack, R. and Wall, P.D. (1973) The Challenge of Pain. New York: Basic Books.
Melzack, R. and Wall, P.D. (1999) The Challenge of Pain. London: Penguin Books Ltd.
Miura, H.M., Araki, Y., Haraguchi, K., Arai, Y., and Umenai, T. (1997) Socioeconomic factors and dental caries in developing countries: a cross-national perspective. Social Science and Medicine, 44, 231-240
Moraitou D, Kolovu C, Papasozomenou C & Paschoula C (2006) Hope and adaptation to old age: Their relationship with individual-demographic factors. Social Indicators Research, 76, 71-93.
Mulley G (2007) Myths of ageing. Clinical Medicine 7, 68-72
Nazroo & O'Connor (2002) Ethnic Differences in the context and experience of psychiatric illness: A qualitative study. Department of Health.
Nettleton S (2006) The sociology of health and illness, 2nd Edition. Polity Press
Ogden, J. (2004) Health Psychology, 3rd edition. Buckingham. Open University Press.
Orth-Gmer K, Unden AL & Edwards ME (1990) Social isolation and mortality in ischemic heart disease. A 10 year follow up study of 150 middle aged men. Acta Med Scand 224, 325-335.
Patel N ( ) Black and minority ethnic elderly: Perspectives on long-term care In: With Respect to Old Age. Department of Health
Parson, T. (1971) The system of modern societies. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
Pitts, M. & Phillips, K. (1998). The Psychology of Health: An Introduction. London: Routledge.
Prashant J, Shofiqul I, prem P, Srinath R, Prabhakaran D, Khawar K, Mrigendra Rai P, Sirajul H, Shanthi M, Sumathy R & Salim Y (2007) Risk factors for early myocardial infarction in South Asians compared with individuals in other countries. The Journal of The American Medical Association 297, 286-294.
Primatesta P. & Brookes M. (1999) Cardiovascular disease: prevalence and risk factors. Health Survey for England – The Health of Minority Ethnic Groups 1999.
Primatesta P. & Hirani V. (1999) Anthropometry. Health Survey for England – The Health of Minority Ethnic Groups 1999.
Rattan SI, Kristensen P & Brian FC (2006) Understanding and modulating ageing. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing
Rivlin MM (1995) Protecting elderly people: Flaws in ageist arguments, British Medical Journal 310, 1179-82.
Roberts, H. (1992) Women's health matters. London: Routledge.
Rodin, J, and Ickovics J.R. (1990) Women's health: review and research agenda as we approach the 21st century. American Psychologist, 45, 1018-1034.
Rose, D. (1995). A report of phase 1 of the ESRC Review of OPCS social classifications. Swindon: ESRC.
Royce, J.M., Corbett, K., Sorenen, G., Ockene, J. (1997) Gender social pressure and smoking cessation: the community intervention trial for smoking cessation. Social Science and Medicine, 44, 359-370
Saltonstall, R. (1993) Healthy bodies social bodies: Men's and women's concepts and practices of health in everyday life. Social Science and Medicine, 36, 7-14.
Scambler,G. (2003) Sociology as applied to medicine – 5th Edition. London: W B Walters.
Schindler I, Staudinger UM & Nesselroade JR (2006) Development and structural dynamics of personal life investment in old age. Psychology and Ageing 21, 737-753.
Searle C, Patterson S & Davey B (2007) Medical knowledge: Doubt and uncertainty, 2nd Edition. London: Open University Press.
Seedhouse D (1986) Health: The foundations for achievement. London: Wiley
Seymour J (1998) The unsound barrier. Nursing Times 94, 56-59.
Selye, H. (1956) The Stress of Life. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Sommer A. (2003) Epidemiology, Ethnicity, Race and Risk. Archives of Ophthalmology, 121(8),1194.
Spooner M.H. (2003) BMA targets racism within NHS. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 169(5), 460.
Stoep AV & Link B(1998) Social class, ethnicity and mental illness; The importance of being more than earnest. American Journal of Public Health 88, 1396-1402
Stone, A.A, Brownell, K.D. (1994) The stress/eating paradox: Multiple daily measurements in adult males and females. Psychology & Health, 9, 425-436
Stong, P (1979) Sociological imperialism and the profession of medicine. Social Science and Medicine 13A, 199-227
Sweeting, H. (1995) Reversal of fortune ? Sex differences in health in childhood and adolescence.
Social Science and Medicine, 40, 77-90
Townsend, P., Davidson, N., Whitehead, M. (1992) Inequalities in Health. The Black Report and The Health Divide. Penguin Books: London
Verrugge L (1980) Health Diaries. Medical Care 18 73-95.
Vincent J (1999) Politics, power and old age. London: Open University Press
Walsh C. & Ross L. (2003) Whether and Why Pediatric Researchers Report Race and Ethnicity. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. 157(7),671-675.
Walters, V., Lenton R., French S. et al (1996) Paid work, unpaid work and social support: A study of the health of male and female nurses. Social Science and Medicine, 43, 1627-1636.
Welsh Assembly Government ( 2003) The review of health and social care in Wales: The report of the project team advised by Derek Wanless. Cardiff: Welsh Assembly Government
Welsh Assembly Government ( 2005) Health Status Wales 2004-05: Chief Medical Officer's Report Series. Cardiff: Welsh Assembly Government
Welsh Assembly Government (2005/06) Welsh Health Survey 2005/2006. Cardiff Welsh Assembly Government
Whitehead, W.E. (1994) Assessing the effects of stress on physical symptoms. Health Psychology, 13, 99-102.
Wilkinson, R.G. (1992) Income distribution and life expectancy. British Medical Journal, 304, 165-168.
Wilkinson, R.G. (1992) Income distribution and mortality: A "natural" experiment. Sociology of Health and Illness, 12, 391-412.
Wilkinson, R.G. (1992). Income distribution and life expectancy. British Medical Journal, 304, 165-8.
Wilkinson, R., G. (1994) Divided we fall [Editorial]. British Medical Journal, 308, 1113-4.
Williams A & Grimley-Evans J (1997) Rationing health care by age. British Medical Journal 314, 820-825.
Zautra, A.J., Burleson, M.H., Smith, C.A. et al (1989) Life stress and lymphocyte alterations among patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Health Psychology, 8, 1-14